1950 - present
Photograph of Jane Hammond, courtesy of Galerie Lelong, New York, NY, USA
Place of Birth:
Drawings and prints, Painting
Collagist, Mixed Media Artist
, Painter, Printmaker
The work of Jane Hammond is difficult to categorize. Critics have described her as a conceptual surrealist, her repetition of unusual imagery in peculiar settings in prints, collages, and paintings suggesting an esoteric, dreamlike realm.
Born in 1950 in Bridgeport, Connecticut, Hammond grew up in a conservative family and enjoyed collecting objects and images from her surroundings. She attended Mount Holyoke College in Massachusets from 1968 to 1972 where she intended to study science but soon found herself interested in art. She continued her studies briefly at Arizona State University and at the University of Wisconsin from which she graduated in 1977 with a Master of Fine Arts.
During the 1970s, artists were commonly strictly adhering to the parameters of particular styles. Hammond felt unable to limit herself to painting only as a minimalist or only as a surrealist, so in 1988, she assembled a collection of 276 pieces of information. With a color palette generally limited to bright, basic colors, these xeroxes, drawings, and advertisements served as a limited source of imagery for her paintings. This allowed Hammond to create compositions with deep space or no depth, plausible arrangements or obscure celestial maps, while unifying her work with its common vocabulary.
Hammond’s paintings were generally untitled until 1993 when she received forty-four readymade titles from poet John Ashbery. She decided to allow her paintings to develop from these titles, sometimes using a title multiple times, rather than the traditional practice of deriving the title from the completed painting. Hammond believes that her paintings are a tool for self-knowledge. She does not always approach an idea as something that has knowable meaning at its conception, but rather believes that her works reveal their meanings over time.
Hammond’s prints, collages, and mixed-media paintings have been the subject of numerous exhibitions. Hammond lives and works in New York where she continues to exhibit her work.
Place(s) of Residence:
University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA (1975-1977)
Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA (1973-1974)
Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA, USA (1968-1972)
Related Visual Artists:
influenced by John Cage
influenced by Marcel Duchamp
Fellowships, grants and awards:
Grant, Joan Mitchell Foundation, New York, NY, USA (2000)
Artist-in-Residence, The Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Skowhegan, ME, USA (1992)
Individual Fellowship in Painting, National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC, USA (1989)
Inaugural Exhibition, Cavin-Morris Gallery, New York, NY, USA (1986)
Presswork: The Art of Women Printmakers
Steven Scott Collects: Donations and Promised Gifts to the Permanent Collection
Jane Hammond: The John Ashbery Collaboration 1993-2001, Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art, Cleveland, OH, USA (2001)